Glossaries

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Malware

Malware, short for malicious (or malevolent) software, is software used or created by attackers to disrupt computer operation, gather sensitive information, or gain access to private computer systems. It can appear in the form of code, scripts, active content, and other software. 'Malware' is a general term used to refer to a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive software.

Malware includes computer viruses, worms, trojan horses, spyware, adware, and other malicious programs. In law, malware is sometimes known as a computer contaminant. Malware is not the same as defective software, which is software that has a legitimate purpose but contains harmful bugs that were not corrected before release. However, some malware is disguised as genuine software, and may come from an official company website. An example of this is software used for harmless purposes that is packed with additional tracking software that gathers marketing statistics.
Malware has caused the rise in use of protective software types such as anti virus, anti-malware, and firewalls. Each of these are commonly used by personal users and corporate networks in order to stop the unauthorized access by other computer users, as well as the automated spread of malicious scripts and software.

Courtesy: Wikipedia

Mouse Cursor

Arrow mark on the screen that moves when you move the computer mouse.

Network

Link or connect one or more computers to share files or resources (printer or scanner).

Offline

Describes when your computer or a particular software (Internet Explorer, Outlook, MSN Messenger) is not connected to the internet.

Online

Describes when your computer is connected to the internet.

Password

A series of letters, numbers and characters that you enter to get into your computer, internet connection, email or websites that you are registered with. Normally passwords will be masked by asterisks (*) or big dots for security purposes.

Never give out your password for any personal or bank accounts to any one.

Processor

Processor

processor processor

This is the brain or the hard working part of the computer. It is doing all the tasks that you have asked the computer to do. It sorts things out, moves information, does the calculations, presents information to the screen or printer and so on.

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM is also known as Computer Memory. This is short term temporary memory which will be erased as soon as the computer is switched off. It only deals with the things that are happening at the moment.

Refresh / Reload

The button that you use to download a web page again. In Internet Explorer it's called "Refresh" and in Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome "Reload". You should press this button or press F5 or Ctrl+F5 key in your key board if for some reason a web page appears not to have loaded correctly.

Search Engine

A search engine is usually a website which allows you to search the internet for information. The search engine lists results that relate to your key words.
Example: Google Search, Yahoo Search, etc.

Server

A server is a physical computer dedicated to run one or more services, to serve the needs of the users of other computers on a network or internet.
Depending on the computing service that it offers it could be a File Server - share files, Email Server - provide you email service, Print Server - share printers, Web Server - for websites, Gaming Server - for internet games, etc. 

SiteBuilder

BaseKit SiteBuilder is the world's most flexible website builder. It allows you to create professional websites from within your internet browser in just a few clicks.

SPAM

Junk email sent to many people at once, usually involving advertising or offering services. SPAM is very deeply frowned upon by most internet users, and where it involves advertising or a false return address it is particularly disliked.

SSD

Solid State Drive is a data storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data.

SSL Certificate

SSL creates an encrypted connection between your web server and your visitors' web browser allowing for private information to be transmitted without the problems of eavesdropping, data tampering, or message forgery.